Author(s): Dr Katherine Shear, Dr Susan Essock
Collection Method: Self-report questionnaire
Scoring Method: Contains a set of self-report items addressing the respondent’s experience of grief (for instance “How much are you having trouble accepting the death of…”). Scale ranges from 0 to 2, with 0 = “Not at all”, 1 = “Somewhat”, and 2 = “A lot”. A score of 5 or more may be suggestive of the presence of the syndrome of Complicated Grief, however, a full evaluation by a clinician is necessary to make this diagnosis.
Number of questions/statements: 5
The BCQ is a 5-item self-report or interview instrument for screening complicated grief. The scale was originally developed for a study of individuals who sought support following the 9-11 terrorist attacks in New York.
Complicated grief is a bereavement reaction in which acute grief is unusually prolonged because of complications in the natural healing process. Complicated grief symptoms include intense yearning and sadness, preoccupation with thoughts of the deceased, excessive avoidance of reminders of the loss and rumination over circumstances of consequences of the death.
The BCQ would be particularly useful for clinicians or programs looking to measure the extent of complicated grief symptoms before, during and after an intervention.